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Freemasonry Watch




Why Albert Pike's Statue Must Fall, by Anton Chaitkin




The KKK, the 'Scottish' Rite of Freemasonry, the 'Knights' of the Golden Circle, the Mexican War, the Cuban Scheme, the Confederacy, and 19th century British Imperial Strategy



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Albert Pike




Why Albert Pike's Statue Must Fall - The Scottish Rite's KKK Project

1993 Article by Anton Chaitkin

Albert Pike Statue Judidiary Square, Washington, D.C. In the heart of Washington, D.C., there is a large statue and monument honoring the most important founder of the Ku Klux Klan.

Inscribed on the base of the statue are the words, ``poet''--the terrorist anthem of the KKK was his most famous literary work--and ``jurist''--he was called the KKK's chief judiciary officer, and reputedly wrote the organization manual for the terrorist anti-black movement after the U.S. Civil War.

The immense, bearded figure of Confederate General Albert Pike is looming over a public square in the nation's capital. Why has it never been pulled down in that predominantly black city?

The statue is a tribute to the influence of Pike's organization. It has power in the Executive Branch, and the Congress, and it is decisive in the courts. It has great power in all branches of law enforcement and the military.

Do I mean that the Ku Klux Klan has such sway over the government? No, I'm speaking here of the ``Scottish Rite of Freemasonry Southern Jurisdiction,'' of which Pike was the chief, or ``Sovereign Grand Commander.''

The Ku Klux Klan, the Southern Confederacy, and the pre-Civil War secession movement were a single, continuous project, with Pike's ``Scottish Rite'' at its center. Though the Confederacy was defeated, this project lives on today, and now dominates U.S. political life.

Look at Baker & Botts, the Houston family firm and power base of Secretary of State James A. Baker III. This law firm was formed after the Civil War by die-hard Confederate and Masonic officials in Albert Pike's Scottish Rite and military clique. With their British imperial racial notions, Baker & Botts and Scottish Rite freemasonry have dominated the Texas power structure ever since.

Secretary Baker's grandfather, Captain James A. Baker, brought English race scientist Julian Huxley in to supervise the ``race purification'' study program for Texas, at Rice University. Secretary Baker's family wealth and power came from their representing Harriman, the international oil companies and George Bush's Zapata Petroleum, all sponsors of the population control, or ban-dark-babies movement. This movement is synonymous with the Scottish Rite.

Bill Clinton is governor of Arkansas, a state infested by the tradition of Albert Pike, who was the Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in Arkansas. Look closely at the mind-set. Bill Clinton supports and carries out the death penalty, which in practice means executions of black people and poor people; and Clinton supports abortion. Clinton sat down, and worked out his views on these issues with his Baptist minister, the late Rev. W.O. Vaught, who was Clinton's spiritual guide and virtual foster father.

As Vaught's son recently told me, Clinton and his pastor agreed that their religion permits the killing of prisoners and unborn children. The authority for this version of Christianity is derived from a peculiar, neo-pagan reading of the Old Testament. And the New Testament, with its ban on revenge and requirement to love, is considered irrelevant: They say that Christ was primarily concerned with fulfilling the Old Law of the Hebrews (as interpreted by this faction), and when Christ said love your enemy and turn the other cheek, he was really trying to reenforce and impose the authority of the Roman Empire.

But whose religion is this?

Well, the Reverend W.O. Vaught was a 32nd Degree Mason, a {Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret} within the Scottish Rite hierarchy.


What Is the Scottish Rite?

Scottish Rite What, then, is the Scottish Rite?

Freemasonry was founded in the early 1700s in England by the so-called Venetian Party. This clique of British philosophical liberals had a few other experiments in human misery, for example: the East India Company, the royal African Company of slavers, and the slave colony of South Carolina.

The Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, in particular, has a feudalist lore and legend, that is rooted in the black slave trade through the Caribbean Islands. In those islands, the pagan cults of slavers in ancient Rome, and Venice, were reused as anti-Judeo-Christian or Satanic cults and rituals for the amusement and gratification of the slave-traders, the British, Dutch, Bostonian, and Jewish-ethnic slave runners.

The Scottish Rite was formally organized in the U.S.A. in 1801, as a group of Tory partisans on the losing side of the American Revolution. The Scottish Rite came to rule over American Freemasonry during the nineteenth century.

American colonial leaders had used the British Empire's Freemasonic lodges as political clubs, and had turned them against the British Crown in the American Revolution. But in the 1820s and 1830s, Masonry had been widely condemned and virtually run out of the U.S.A. as a would-be dictatorial grouping, an unwanted ``British underground'' intrusion into America.

With British assistance, the Masonic lodges were reintroduced, under the control of the Scottish Rite based in Charleston, South Carolina, as a force for Southern secession. Since the 1840s, the U.S. Freemasonic structure has been strictly dominated by the Scottish Rite. The Scottish Rite dispenses the 4th and higher Masonic ``degrees'' of initiation, up to the 33rd. The Scottish Rite was divided into a Southern Jurisdiction, and a Northern Jurisdiction based in Boston, that is politically subordinate.

As for Bill Clinton: A spokesman for the Freemasonic Grand Lodge of Arkansas told me that although Clinton was a member of Freemasonry's Order of DeMolay as a young man, he is not now a Mason. I have been informed, however, that DeMolay membership is in fact a life membership.

The influence of Scottish Rite-dominated Freemasonry is shockingly pervasive in American government and culture, particularly in the South. But it has come under attack from some surprising quarters.

The Southern Baptist Convention recently voted to conduct an investigation of Freemasonry in all forms, and to prepare a report on whether Masonry is compatible with Christianity.

The Southern Baptist Convention, predominantly white, is the largest U.S. Protestant denomination, with 18 million church-goers. Freemasons make up a sizable proportion of this church's male membership, perhaps 20 percent. So this is a dramatic, emotional issue, a strongly factional issue within Protestant Christianity.

At their annual meeting last June in Indianapolis, the Baptists also adopted a resolution against secret societies, which reads in part:

``we ... call upon all Christians to ... [avoid] any association which conflicts with clear Biblical ... teachings concerning the taking of oaths, the secrecy of activities, mystical knowledge, or racial discrimination....''
A leader of this initiative, Dr. James Holly of Beaumont, Texas, told me this was aimed at the known fact that white Freemasonry is affiliated with the Ku Klux Klan.

The 2.5 million member Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod says in its official Handbook:

``The Synod has declared itself firmly opposed to all societies, lodges and organizations of an un-Christian or anti-Christian character.''
The Lutheran Missouri Synod has also printed an attack on Freemasonry, which attacks its racialism and quotes from an absurd Masonic explanation of why blacks are excluded from from white lodges:
``There are excellent reasons for this apparent race discrimination which only a Mason can fully understand ... [racial integration] would endanger the harmony of the lodge.... Secondly, although Negroes today may technically fulfill the Masonic requirement of being `free,' their subordinate economic, educational, and cultural position is such that they hardly fulfill the spirit of that prerequisite to initiation.''

`The True Religion of Masonry'

Luciferian Religion But let us ask, does Mr. Pike's organization have an ``un-Christian or anti-Christian character''? Albert Pike responded in 1861 to a Mason who tried to claim the Scottish Rite was somehow Christian. Pike said that if the Scottish Rite

``had a Christian basis, how did it chance that most of those who had possession of it in this country from 1763 to 1800 were Hebrews?''
In fact, Pike and the Scottish Rite borrowed a good deal of numerology and other superstition from the Jewish cabala, a neo-pagan tradition in direct opposition to the Mosaic law underlying the Jewish religion. We shall deal later on with the relationship of Jews to the Scottish Rite.

But if the Rite is not specificially Christian, is it anti-Christian?

We may judge this from Sovereign Grand Commander Pike's words, on his {method}, and on the {true religion}. In Pike's book, {Morals and Dogma,} the Scottish Rite's main guide to the universe, he explains his method:

``Magic is the science of the ancient magi....

``Magic unites in one and the same science, whatsoever Philosophy can possess that is most certain, and Religion of the Infallible and the Eternal. It perfectly ... reconciles these two terms ... faith and reason ... those who accept [magic] as a rule may give their will a sovereign power that will make them the masters of all inferior beings and of all errant spirits; that is to say, will make them the Arbiters and Kings of the World....''

Pike wrote this particular section to instruct ``Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret'' gentlemen of the 32nd Degree, such as was Bill Clinton's preacher.

Thus, Pike is an illusionist, a conjurer, teaching his priesthood the means of controlling their squads of initiates. But what is the underlying belief? In France in 1889, Pike said:

``That which we must say to the crowd is, we worship a God, but it is the God one adores without superstition.... The Masonic religion should be, by all of us initiates of the high degrees, maintained in the purity of the Luciferian Doctrine. If Lucifer were not God, would Adonay (the God of the Christians) whose deeds prove his cruelty, perfidy and hatred of man, barbarism and repulsion to science, would Adonay and his priests calumniate him?

``Yes, Lucifer is God, and unfortunately Adonay is also God. For the eternal law is that there is no light without shade, no beauty without ugliness, no white without black, for the absolute can only exist as two Gods.... Thus, the doctrine of Satanism is a heresy; and the true and pure philosophical religion is the belief in Lucifer, the equal of Adonay; but Lucifer, God of Light and God of Good, is struggling for humanity against Adonay, the God of Darkness and Evil.''

This quote, by the way, is available in French and English in the Albert Pike vertical file at the library of the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction at 1733 16th St. NW, Washington D.C.


The Terror Project

British Empire The Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, an instrument of British Empire strategy, directed a continuous offensive of murder and racist terrorism against the U.S.A. and neighboring countries, during the middle decades of the last century. We shall trace this endeavor, from the U.S. occupation of Mexico in the Mexican War (1846-48), to the slaveowners' rebellion or U.S. Civil War (1861-65), through the Ku Klux Klan's war against Reconstruction of the South (1867-1870s).

A few individuals will come into view repeatedly as gang leaders and project directors: Boston's {Albert Pike}, boss of Arkansas; New York's {John A. Quitman}, boss of Mississippi; New York's {John Slidell}, boss of Louisiana; Slidell's nephew and partner, British banker{ August Belmont, }boss of the Democratic Party; Slidell's trainee and partner, Britain's {Judah Benjamin}, boss of the Confederate secret service.

Patriots such as then-Congressman Abraham Lincoln saw the 1846 U.S. invasion of Mexico as a crime and folly, pushed by strategists of slavery who also aimed at the destruction of the U.S.A. Transplanted Southern Democrat John Slidell, and Whig leader Caleb Cushing, spokeman for Boston's opium and slave-running fortunes, had both planned and promoted the attack on Mexico.

As that first U.S. war of aggression drew to a close, volunteer General John A. Quitman became the military governor and dictator over Mexico City. The U.S.A. prepared to seize Mexico's northern territory, the area from California to Texas. Yet Quitman proposed to President Polk a plan for the forcible annexation of all Mexico, to be an area for negro slave plantations.

During the peace negotiations, Quitman travelled as a conquering hero to Charleston, South Carolina. He was crowned a Sovereign Grand Inspector General of the Scottish Rite, and became the most powerful and prominent member of the Rite's Supreme Council.

John Quitman's grandfather was governor of the island of Curacao, the Dutch West India Company's slave concentration camp; his parents had fled the Caribbean slave revolts, taking their slaves with them to New York where John was born. In 1830, young Quitman had been formally commissioned by the Scottish Rite, leaders of the secession movement, to establish their organization in the state of Mississippi.

In the autumn of 1849, General Quitman held a meeting of anti-Union operatives from throughout the South. They resolved to call a formal convention of the Southern states for the following June, to begin the breakup of the United States.

Quitman became governor of Mississippi in January 1850, and his Nashville secession convention met from June 3 to 12. Delegates from nine states proclaimed the rights of slaveholders. Quitman and his clique meanwhile moved to provoke immediate civil war. He proposed to lead a private army from Texas, to conquer the new U.S. territory of New Mexico on behalf of slavery.

President Zachary Taylor faced Quitman down. President Taylor was determined to bring the new southwest into the Union as free states. On June 21, 1850, nine days after the secession convention, Governor Quitman was indicted by a federal grand jury for violating the U.S. Neutrality Laws!

The charge was based on Quitman's leadership of a well-financed conspiracy to invade and ``liberate'' Cuba from Spanish rule. Then two weeks later, on July 3, President Taylor threatened to hang those ``taken in rebellion against the Union.'' The next day the President fell ill, vomited blackish material, and died soon after. The Quitman prosecution was delayed. (You may recall that Taylor's body was recently dug up by Kentucky authorities, looking for evidence of arsenic poisoning.)

The following summer, 1851, Quitman brought fellow Mississippian Jefferson Davis to Massachusetts to meet with Caleb Cushing. They picked the man to be nominated by the Democrats for the U.S. presidency: volunteer General Franklin Pierce, a member of their clique in the Mexican War. Pierce surprised everyone by taking the nomination at the convention. Then, August Belmont, the U.S. representative of Britain's Rothschild banks, paid for Pierce's 1852 election campaign.

Though this blatant foreign intrusion caused a flareup of resentment among the voters, Pierce was elected the 14th President, and his foreign and domestic backers took over. Caleb Cushing became U.S. attorney general. Jefferson Davis became secretary of war. Banker August Belmont became ambassador to Holland.

Scottish Rite chief John Quitman was now ready for serious business. Some months earlier, when he had finally gone to trial, he was fortunate that Louisiana private attorney Judah Benjamin had been specially hired by the federal government to run the prosecution against Quitman. The jury was hung (rather than Quitman), and the charges were dropped. This outcome should not be too surprising to us, given prosecutor Benjamin's own growing role in the faction of which Gen. Quitman was then the shining star. Benjamin joined Slidell as a U.S. senator from Louisiana at the next election, and was a top leader of the slaveowners' insurrectionary government.

Let's look for a minute at the trio of Slidell, Belmont, and Benjamin. Slidell had a master's degree in political dirty tricks, learned as a member of Aaron Burr's machine in New York and Louisiana. Slidell had politically schooled Belmont and had brought him into the Democratic Party, and Belmont married Slidell's niece. Slidell had also virtually adopted, taught and brought into politics the young Judah Benjamin, a British West Indian Jew living in Louisiana. Both Belmont, and his banking client Benjamin, were passionate backers of the expansion of slavery into Latin America.

When he was a young private secretary for the Rothschild family, Belmont had toured continental Europe doing financial and political intelligence work for the Rothschild bank, a pillar of the British royal family. With Britain meddling in Spain's civil war, the Rothschilds had sent Belmont off to the Spanish colony of Cuba in 1837 to ``take charge of Rothschild interests'' in Cuba. Belmont's ship stopped over in New York and he never went on to Cuba, but his subsequent U.S. banking and political career was often focused on Cuba's wealth and strategic location.

Following the 1853 presidential inauguration of their candidate Pierce, Scottish Rite chief John Quitman and his New York financiers signed a formal agreement making Quitman the ``civil and military chief of the revolution'' which they would impose on Cuba. Once he had seized the island, Quitman was due to receive $1 million from the proceeds of the revolutionary bonds the financiers were floating.

Quitman's criminal enterprise recruited as many as 50,000 U.S. mercenaries for the intended invasion. But the Spanish authorities brought these plans to grief. They emancipated most of Cuba's slaves, encouraged racial intermarriage, armed the freed blacks and recruited them into a militia through which they could defend their own freedom from the gringo attackers. The Spanish governor arrested Quitman's intriguer, Captain James D. Bulloch, when Bulloch brought his ship, the {Black Warrior}, into Havana.

Senator John Slidell of Louisiana demanded the U.S. neutrality laws be repealed. Attorney General Caleb Cushing called for a naval blockade around Cuba. But given the military realities, saner heads prevailed, and Quitman was placed under legal restraint.

After the {Black Warrior} affair, the Quitman mercenary force was absorbed into a new, more aggressive movement with enlarged aims. The {Knights of the Golden Circle} appeared first in Cincinnati, under the supervision of the Scottish Rite's midwest organizer Killian Van Rensselaer, a longtime underground military operative for Britain in North America. So Cincinnati was the northern capital of the pro-slavery, Masonic terrorist underground. From there the Knights spread throughout Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, down the Mississippi to the Gulf south, and into Maryland and Virginia to surround the national capital.

The Golden Circle was to be a new slave empire centered in Cuba. It would break up the U.S.A. and conquer Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. The Knights armed and drilled up to 100,000 would-be emigrants, raiders, rapists, and slaveholders. They were organized into lodges called ``castles,'' with Masonic signs, grips, and passwords. They were to kill the hated Catholic Hispanics, and fill their places with black slaves brought fresh from Africa. This is the first ``North American Free Trade Agreement''!

(The Masonic imperialism of the Franklin Pierce administration lives on as the romantic, elite legend of the Eastern Establishment. They celebrate that legend in the marriage of President Pierce's blood relative Barbara Pierce to George Bush, whose imperial ideas are rooted in the events of the 1850s.)

Led by Quitman and his allies in the lower South, the Knights of the Golden Circle formed the heart of the secession military machine as the crisis of the Union deepened.

But John Quitman died in July 1858. The Scottish Rite leadership was then totally reorganized. Albert Pike was brought into the Supreme Council and, in 1859, Pike was elevated to Commander of the Southern Jurisdiction. While the Knights of the Golden Circle intensified their terrorist activities in Texas, and their ``filibuster'' raids into Mexico and Central America, Albert Pike pulled together the inner core of a revolutionary government for the U.S. southern states.

As Albert Pike said himself, Pike had not even heard of the Scottish Rite until 1853. Sponsored by his fellow Bostonian, Attorney General Caleb Cushing, who inserted Pike's croneys into office for him in the 1840s, Pike had become the boss of Arkansas politics. He had proven his ``Southernness'' by running racial hysteria campaigns against Arkansas's handful of freed blacks and against America's Catholic immigrants.

Joining Pike's new Scottish Rite Supreme Council in 1859 was the U.S. vice president, John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky. He would soon run for President on a secession platform, his campaign managed by Caleb Cushing.

In March 1860, the U.S. treasury secretary, Howell Cobb, joined Pike's Supreme Council. (Cobb was a ruler of the Georgia Masonic mafia with Robert Toombs and James Bulloch.) If you are going to lead a revolt against a government, it is handy to have the head of that government's treasury take charge of your finances, as Cobb did for his Masonic boss Albert Pike.

Cobb resigned his treasury post in December 1860, following Abraham Lincoln's election to the U.S. presidency. Two months later, Cobb was president of the convention in Alabama, which created the Confederate government and broke up the United States. Cobb's name appears at the top of signers of the Confederate Constitution, a document which Cobb and Albert Pike are supposed to have drafted together.


The Lost Cause

U.S. Civil War Flags The rebellion of the Southern slaveowners, which brought on the Civil War, was a British Empire-sponsored insurrection. The British supplied the arms used by the anti-U.S. insurgents, and coordinated the Confederate secret service activities in North America and Europe. These expanded efforts continued the political and irregular military operations of the Scottish Rite which had been led by Quitman, and by Pike after Quitman's death.

For the final three years of the four-year Civil War, Judah P. Benjamin served as Confederate secretary of state. Benjamin supervised the financial and supply relations to the British Empire and its ally, Napoleon III of France, and ran the Confederacy's international network of spies and saboteurs.

Benjamin's secret service liaison man in England and the Confederacy's chief arms procurer there was James Bulloch. We remember Bulloch as the man who had been arrested in Cuba during Quitman's 1854 fiasco.

John Slidell became the famous Confederate commissioner to France, where he married off his daughter Mathilde to Baron Emil Erlanger. The baron was an eminent German-French Jewish banker, closely tied to the British government and the highest levels of British freemsonry. Slidell and Benjamin negotiated the famous Erlanger Loan, the series of Confederate war bonds floated by this banker. They sold the bonds primarily to British oligarchs who felt poisonous hatred for the American republic. The collateral for the Erlanger loan was Southern slave cotton, that was smuggled out past the Union blockade.

John Slidell handled relations between the French Empire and the Masonic ``filibusters,'' the raiders of Latin America. Slidell promoted the joint European/Confederate invasion of Mexico in the 1860s.

The Confederate secret service, meanwhile, attempted to weaken the resolve of the Union to carry on the war. The key to their strategy was the old Knights of the Golden Circle, still in place in the north, midwest and southwest, involving pro-slavery whites--and American Indians.

Sioux Indians, strangely organized into military Masonic lodges, wiped out 700 citizens of New Ulm, Minnesota and the surrounding area, while the town's young men were off in the Union Army. Albert Pike was at the time the Confederate general officially in charge of arranging Indian attacks against the Union; Minnesota was also part of Commander Pike's Masonic Southern Jurisdiction.

Judah Benjamin based his main secret service group in Montreal, a safe haven since Canada was then still British territory. They coordinated across the border with Golden Circle networks in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Wisconsin, and with the August Belmont Democratic Party machine in New York. Agents led by Jacob Thompson planned prison breaks, tried to burn down northern cities, and instigated anti-draft riots in which drunken mobs lynched black people and burned orphanages.

This ugliness was in vain. But just when Lincoln's nationalist money policies and our industrial strength overwhelmed the rebellion, President Lincoln was murdered. A dragnet went out for the Confederate secret service operators, accused of participation in the assassination. Albert Pike escaped and joined Jacob Thompson in Canada. Judah Benjamin fled to England, joining the exiled Robert Toombs and James Bulloch. John Slidell stayed permanently in France.

Confederate secret service agent John Surratt made it to Italy and hid in the Vatican, while Surratt's mother was convicted and hanged on the charge of plotting with John Wilkes Booth to kill Lincoln. John Surratt was discovered and returned for trial. He was acquitted. But in 1870, Surratt admitted publicly that he had plotted with Booth to ``abduct'' Lincoln. He told of the days preceding the murder, of his trip to Montreal carrying money and messages from Judah Benjamin. The secret service bank in Montreal, where gold from Britain was deposited for Benjamin's crew, was the same bank in which Lincoln's assassin John Wilkes Booth had made his deposits six months before the killing.

The war was over. But the defeated Confederacy was transformed into the romantic {Lost Cause}, an object of cultish reverence.


During Reconstruction

KKK Anti-slavery congressmen pressed ahead with plans for Reconstruction, designed to break up the power of what was called the ``chivalry,'' the feudalist lords of the prewar South. In Tennessee, the pro-Union faction tried to increase its political strength by putting through a law, granting the right to vote to the newly freed blacks.

The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan was a terrorist counterattack, beginning in Tennessee, designed to block Reconstruction and reverse the outcome of the Civil War. The Klan and the Scottish Rite were one and the same enterprise, continuing the imperial effort behind the slaveowners' rebellion.

Pike, Benjamin, Slidell, Toombs, Bulloch, and Thompson were all in exile at war's end. Though Judah Benjamin had quickly become a wealthy lawyer for the British merchant oligarchs, his continuing preoccupation with defeating Reconstruction is indicated in letters he wrote back to the U.S.A. with complaints such as these:

``I have always looked with the utmost dread and distrust on the experiment of emancipation so suddenly enforced on the South by the event of the war. God knows how it will all end!''; and: ``the South is kept crushed under negro rule''; and: ``I can never consent to go to New Orleans and break my heart witnessing the rule of negroes and carpetbaggers''; and: ``nothing is so abhorrent to me as Radicalism which seeks to elevate the populace into the governing class.''
From Albert Pike's British sanctuary in Canada, on July 15, 1865, Pike issued a summons to the Supreme Council, to resume the operations of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Southern Jurisdiction. Six weeks later, ``under pressure from Masonic officials in the government,'' the new President Andrew Johnson permitted Pike to re-enter the U.S.A. The Rite was reborn over the next few years, as money and messengers went back and forth between Pike and the Confederacy's sponsors in England.

In April 1866, a year after the murder of Abraham Lincoln, Albert Pike's Supreme Council met in full costume inside the White House. There Lincoln's successor President Andrew Johnson granted a pardon to Pike. The following year, the awed and grateful Johnson was granted advanced degrees 4 through 32 by the Scottish Rite. The Masons claim that Johnson's Freemasonic involvement was an important reason why the pro-Reconstruction congressmen tried to impeach Johnson.

Albert Pike could not go home to Arkansas, however. He was still under indictment for treason by state authorities there, for inciting the Indians to break laws or treaties. So he settled in Memphis, Tennessee, just across the Mississippi River from Arkansas, becoming a newspaper publisher, lawyer--and president of the Tennessee Bar Association.

Tennessee blacks got the right to vote in February 1867. Beginning that spring, Albert Pike and a small group of Confederate generals held several meetings in Nashville, at the Maxwell House Hotel, to form the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.

The name was taken from the Greek, {kyklos}, meaning ``circle.'' It was no mystery to the pro-Unionists: The Knights of the [Golden] Circle had reappeared.

Pike was appointed chief judicial officer of the Invisible Empire. He is said to have written the Klan's military manual and ritual, and was the Klan's expert on secrecy of organization--its secret grips, signs, and passwords. At one of the later Nashville meetings, General Nathan Bedford Forrest was chosen Imperial Wizard of the Klan. Albert Pike organized the Ku Klux Klan in Arkansas after General Forrest appointed Pike the Grand Dragon of that Realm.

The Tennessee leaders of the Klan at the time of its founding were prominent Masons subordinate to Grand Commander Pike.

Pike's old comrade and financial backer Robert Toombs returned from England in 1868. Toombs was appointed dictator of Scottish Rite activities inside Georgia, and Toombs and his family ran all aspects of the Klan within Georgia.

President Ulysses Grant said that the Klan worked ``by force and terror to prevent all political action not in accord with the views of the members; to deprive colored citizens of the right to bear arms and of the right to a free ballot; to suppress [i.e. burn] schools in which colored children were taught and to reduce the colored people to a condition akin to that of slavery.''

In his newspaper {The Memphis Daily Appeal{ for April 16, 1868, publisher Albert Pike wrote:

``With negroes for witnesses and jurors, the administration of justice becomes a blasphemous mockery. A Loyal League of negroes can cause any white man to be arrested, and can prove any charges it chooses to have made against him.

``The disenfranchised people of the South ... can find no protection for property, liberty or life, except in secret association.... We would unite every white man in the South, who is opposed to negro suffrage, into one great Order of Southern Brotherhood, with an organization complete, active, vigorous, in which a few should execute the concentrated will of all, and whose very existence should be concealed from all but its members.''

In the latter decades of the nineteenth century, British-centered finance gained supremacy over American industry and U.S. policy-making. Under British sponsorship, Pike's Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction, came to rule over much of the world's Freemasonry. At length its headquarters moved from South Carolina to Washington, D.C.

Theodore Roosevelt, a racialist Anglophile and passionate Freemason, became U.S. President September 14, 1901, upon the shooting death of William McKinley. Teddy Roosevelt's reign was the Lost Cause triumphant: Roosevelt's revered exiled uncle, James Bulloch, Judah Benjamin's secret service chief in England, had ghostwritten young Teddy's book on naval history; and Teddy's clique had finally conquered Cuba in the 1898 U.S. War with Spain.

The Washington, D.C. statue honoring Klan founder Albert Pike was dedicated 39 days after Teddy Roosevelt's inauguration.


The B'nai B'rith and `Egyptian Principles'

In his admiring biography of Judah Benjamin, Eli Evans quotes the famous attack against Benjamin's pro-slavery fanaticism by Ohio's Senator Ben Wade:

``when old Moses, under the immediate inspiration of God Almighty, enticed a whole nation of slaves, and ran away ... to old Canaan, I suppose that Pharaoh and all the chivalry of old Egypt denounced him as a most furious abolitionist.... There were those who loved Egypt better than they loved liberty.... They were `Israelites with Egyptian principles.'|''
Senator Wade's barb hit its mark. Judah Benjamin had deserted the religion of Moses. He had spat on the law of freedom, the gift that Jews celebrate in the Passover seder (which was also Christ's last supper).

Since then, other ``Israelites with Egyptian principles,'' those Jews who like Benjamin attached their destinies to the British Empire and its racialism, have become a vital component of the Anglo-American Eastern Establishment; ``honorary Anglo-Saxons,'' they have helped transform the United States into an essentially mindless British model imperium. And the racialism they coauthored has brought tragedy to Jews as well as to others outside the racial pale.

In the Civil War, twice as many Jews fought for the Union as for the Confederacy. Northern Jews, many of them recent German immigrants, were strongly pro-republican and anti-slavery.

The predominant Jewish tradition in the South was not only pro-slavery, but overwhelmingly Freemasonic.

Brotherly Love The Independent Order of B'nai B'rith formed in 1843 as a Jewish community sub-project in the restoration of Masonry by the Scottish Rite and the British foreign office. Though most of its lodges were in the North, B'nai B'rith was openly pro-Confederate. Though it claimed to be neutral in the war, many of the Order's Northern spokesmen were stridently pro-slavery. B'nai B'rith's post-Civil War leaders were pro-Confederate operatives, including later president Simon Wolf, who had been arrested by the War Department in Washington, D.C. as the lawyer for a Confederate spy ring.

Rabbi Isaac Wise established B'nai B'rith's center for the ``liberalizing'' of Judaism in Cincinnati, Ohio--coinciding with Cincinnati's other great Scottish Rite scheme, the launching of the Knights of the Golden Circle. Wise was officially neutral in the Civil War.

Core leaders of the B'nai B'rith from then on have been Scottish Rite Masons. The political establishment associated with the Order has always had its headquarters in London.

In Richmond, the Confederate capital, Gustavus A. Myers was Secretary of State Judah Benjamin's closest friend and Benjamin's channel to banker August Belmont. The former president of the Richmond City Council, and the undisputed head of Richmond's Jewish community, Myers was Freemasonry Incarnate.

Myers's maternal grandfather, Moses Michael Hays, had brought the original ``patent'' and rituals from England to found the Scottish Rite in the American colonies. A tory and financial partner of Boston's slave trade millionaires, Hays passed his fortune and his Masonic and British underground connections to his daughter's husband and sons, the Richmond Myers clan.

Myers House Museum on Freemason Street Moses Myers, merchant partner of the Richmond family, was head of Norfolk's Jewish community. His house is now a public museum, located on Norfolk's Freemason Street. Inside is a large wooden plaque given to the family by Queen Victoria, in recognition of the family's long service to the British crown and cause. Several generations, living in that same Moses Myers house, were British consuls.

All of Virginia's Jewish leaders then were Masons, one of them Rothschilds' official Virginia agent who was grand master of Virginia Masons during the war of 1812.

After the Civil War, the Belmont/Rothschild faction took absolute control over the Jewish leadership within New York and trans-Atlantic finance. Joseph Seligman, who had been pro-Union like most American Jews, joined the British banking syndicate of Rothschild and J.P. Morgan, which ran U.S. government finance from the 1870s onward.

London's Anglo-Saxon and Jewish employees, banking partners of the Confederates against Lincoln's nationalist money policies, were now merged as the Eastern Liberal Establishment.

While Alabama cotton broker Emanuel Lehman lived in Civil War New York, he sailed back and forth to England raising money for the Confederate war machine. Continuing the family tradition, his Lehman Brothers firm supported the racialist eugenics movement, and tenaciously defended their investments in Nazi Germany.

But the bigshot was Jacob Schiff of Kuhn Loeb private bank. Schiff's power was entirely trans-Atlantic: Travelling back and forth between London and New York, Schiff was Sir Ernst Cassel's U.S. partner and representative; Cassel--the personal banker and the most intimate friend of Prince Edward VII, the grand master of British freesmasonry. (Edward's son Albert Victor was supposed to be the subject of the Jack the Ripper story: His unapproved marriage was broken and covered up by the Freemasonic murders of witnesses.)



The United Grand Lodge of England Coat of Arms

Hooved Angels?
On behalf of the royal family, Ernst Cassel managed the finances of the British Fabian Society leaders, and the British Round Table in its outrageous African racialist endeavors such as {apartheid}.

At Kuhn Loeb in the 1890s, partner Otto Kahn (a British subject) directly supervised Schiff and Cassel's project to build up a certain snarling little railroad man who was a favorite of the old Belmont Confederate machine, Mr. E.H. Harriman. At that same time, the Warburg family joined Kuhn Loeb; the Warburgs' preoccupations were anchored in their Masonic Occult Institute in Hamburg and London.

Look at the first years of this century: Teddy Roosevelt is President, Edward VII is King, and the racist cult-master Lord Arthur Balfour is his Prime Minister. The British Masonic clique at Kuhn Loeb founded the American Jewish Committee, and made its president, Louis Marshall, the official legal advisor to the Harriman eugenics laboratory--mother of this century's nightmare race theories. It was Kuhn Loeb and the Warburgs who officially brokered New York's banking ties to Hitler's Nazis, as well as Harriman's entree to the Soviet dictatorship.

A striking instance of the Confederate ``Lost Cause,'' persisting and haunting the present century, is to be seen in the attic of {The New York Times.}

Iphigenie Ochs married Arthur Hays Sulzberger in 1917. He succeeded her father Adolphe Ochs as publisher of {The Times}, which Mr. Ochs had bought in the 1890s.

Adolphe Ochs and his father founded the ``Baroness Erlanger'' Hospital in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The hospital was named for John Slidell's daughter who married the Confederacy's chief financier Baron Emil Erlanger. The Baron had bought up the main railways between the bankrupt South and Cincinnati. Adolphe Ochs had married Iphigenie Wise, the daughter of B'nai B'rith's Cincinnati leader Isaac Wise. When the Ochs family had lived in Cincinnati during the war, Adolphe's mother Bertha had been arrested for smuggling drugs to the Confederate army.

In 1991, Arthur Sulzberger's daughter Ruth sponsored the visit to America of British banker Rodolphe d'Erlanger, John Slidell's great-great grandson. At a reception for Erlanger hospital, he said that his great grandfather, Baron Emil, was the partner of Cecil Rhodes in his nightmare race projects in Africa, and that Emil and his wife Mathilde Slidell had introduced Wagner's {Tannhauser} to the stage in Paris--which was booed off the stage.

Arthur Sulzberger's Philadelphia Uncle David Sulzberger joined the Confederate army in Arkansas. Cousin Cyrus Adler, born on the Sulzbergers' Arkansas slave plantation, became the occult, psychic, Masonic, and gnostic expert for the New York Jewish establishment and for London and Cambridge Freemasonic strategists. At the same time, under the Teddy Roosevelt regime, cousin Mayer Sulzberger was president of B'nai B'rith International and president of the American Jewish Committee. At that time, B'nai B'rith leaders (such as the Sulzberger's partners the Morgenthaus) directly represented British crown interests in the Middle East, and worked as a bridge for Scottish Rite Masonry between the Middle East and Washington.

In the 1930s, Cyrus Adler, president of the American Jewish Committee, coordinated with the family's B'nai B'rith, and the family's {New York Times}, to crush all U.S. political action against Adolf Hitler in Germany. The B'nai B'rith was the one Jewish organization that Hitler deliberately {left open }and functioning under Nazi rule from 1933 on.



The Duke of Kent 33°, 1942 Grand Master, United Grand Lodge of England

Alleged to have died in a plane crash in Scotland with Third Reich Deputy Fuhrer Rudolph Hess aboard, who had been seeking a seperate peace agreement for Germany using his friendly contacts with British Royal and Masonic Circles.
In 1939, Britain made a dramatic change in its policy toward Hitler--after teaching Hitler his race theories, after forcefully backing his takeover of Germany, after financing and equipping his armies, Britain now changed publicly to opposing Hitler. Only at that point, in 1939, about a year after Hitler finally closed B'nai B'rith's Nazi-authorized German operations, B'nai B'rith decided to ``approve'' an international boycott against the Nazi regime.

B'nai B'rith's Anti-Defamation League recently opened a vicious campaign to label American black leaders as anti-Semites, aiming at a racial conflict, and stomping on the memory of the young Jews who fought for civil rights in the 1960s. It is essential that the religious, national, and historical character of this racialism be precisely understood.

Now a surprising breakthrough has occurred. Leaders of U.S. black Freemasonry have attacked white Masonry, particularly the Scottish Rite, as a center of racialism. The attack is contained in the latest issue of the {News Quarterly}, official publication of the [``Supreme Council, Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction,''] Prince Hall affiliation, in an article by Joseph A. Walkes, editor of the {Quarterly.}

Walkes exposes Albert Pike as the national Chief Justice of the Invisible Empire of the Ku Klux Klan, and the organizer and Grand Dragon of the Klan in Arkansas. Walkes describes Albert Pike as a ``traitor to his country.'' The article carries a photograph of the Washington memorial statue to the KKK founder. Walkes calls the statue ``an affront'' to the residents of the nation's capital, a majority of whom are black.

With this and similar initiatives, a strong potential now exists for members of all faiths and ethnic groups to think about and to solve a central problem of our era:

The Rapture Fanatical Zionists are urged on by Anglo-American backers, to brutalize and displace Arab residents and Muslim religious institutions from Israeli occupied territory. Among the Anglo-Saxons cheering them on in their blind racialism are many known as ``fundamentalist Christians.'' They have seen a vision of Semitic warfare in the Holy Land, ending in mankind's annihilation, which they cheer as ``God's will'' and ``Bible Prophesy.''

This madness has been called the British balance-of-power strategy. But its familiar name is, British Freemasonry.


How the KKK got into the U.S. Justice Department
by Anton Chaitkin

MLK JR April 4, 1998 marks an extraordinary double anniversary, one that highlights the still-ongoing struggle between two irreconcilable traditions in American life. One is a tradition of the American ideal at its best: the tradition of the Lincoln revolution, as it was carried forward in the twentieth century, by America's greatest civil rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

The other tradition is that of British-sponsored anti-American treason, personified by the Confederate General, Southern Jurisdiction Scottish Rite Mason, and Ku Klux Klan founder, Albert Pike. The Pike legacy still exists today, under various guises: the FBI of the J. Edgar Hoover tradition, which is engaged in a racist campaign of frame-ups against African-American elected officials all across America; and the radical jacobinism of Black Nationalism, which came to the fore as the result of Dr. King's assassination, and which parades today under the banner of a "rainbow coalition."

Nobody can fully appreciate the still-unfolding struggle over the American ideal, without knowing the essentials of the struggle between the two, contending forces represented by Martin Luther King and Albert Pike.

It is, therefore, no small irony that April 4, 1998 marks the 30th anniversary of the assassination of Dr. King, and also the 100th anniversary of the U.S. Congress's treacherous passage of a bill authorizing the erection of a statue, on Federal government property in Washington, D.C., of the traitor Albert Pike.

King and the Lincoln tradition

MLK JR President Abraham Lincoln's policies were responsible for making the United States into the world's greatest industrial power. He reversed the "free trade" doctrines by which the London-allied opponents of the American Revolution had expanded slavery, to the detriment of American industrial power. He introduced high tariffs to foster steel mills, government financing of railroad construction, free land and education to create independent, scientific farmers.

Martin Luther King was firmly rooted in this tradition. He pointed out, for example, how the advance of human rights depends on technological and economic progress:

"Many of the problems that we are confronting in the South today grow out of the futile attempt of the white South to maintain a system of human values that came into being under a feudalistic plantation system and which cannot survive in a day of democratic egalitarianism.

"First, if the South is to grow economically it must continue to industrialize. We see signs [then, in the early 1960s] of this vigorous industrialization, with a concomitant urbanization, throughout every southern state. Day after day, the South is receiving new multimillion-dollar industries. With the growth of industry the folkways of white supremacy will gradually pass away.

"This growth of industry will also increase the purchasing power of the Negro, and this augmented purchasing power will result in improved medical care, greater educational opportunities, and more adequate housing. Each of these developments will result in a further weakening of segregation."[1]

King taught that this progress does not occur automatically, but only with the strongest economic intervention of representative government. He demanded that the nationalist, activist-government strategy which made America powerful, now be applied to lifting blacks out of poverty:

"At the very same time that America refused to give the Negro any land, through an act of Congress our government was giving away millions of acres of land in the West and the Midwest, which meant that it was willing to undergird its white peasants from Europe with an economic floor.

"But not only did they give the land, they built land grant colleges with government money to teach them how to farm. Not only that, they provided county agents to further their expertise in farming. Not only that, they provided low interest rates in order that they could mechanize their farms.

"Not only that, today many of these people are receiving millions of dollars in federal subsidies not to farm, and they are the very people telling the black man that he ought to lift himself by his own bootstraps."[2]

By contrast, "when the Negro migrated [northward, following the abolition of slavery], he was left to his own resources . . . herded into ghettos, left in unemployment, or subjected to gross exploitation within a context of searing discrimination."[3]

What King taught, corresponds to what most Americans knew very well 100 years ago.

Pike: creation of the `indigenous' KKK

Albert Pike KKK Patriotic nationalists continued Lincoln's economic program after the President's 1865 murder. Post-Civil War Reconstruction regimes in several Southern states, led by freed black slaves and allied whites, began to put through measures of industrial and agricultural development.

But, the British and their allies in the former Confederacy struck back, using London's modus operandi of creating "indigenous" insurgencies, to wield against their political enemies. This was the technique that Lord Palmerston perfected in the mid-nineteenth century: He deployed a veritable zoo of national, religious, and ethnic insurgencies, through agents such as Giuseppe Mazzini, the better to retain British global geopolitical control.[4]

After Lincoln's death, a covert movement known as the Ku Klux Klan, beginning in 1867 in Tennessee, overturned the Reconstruction regimes with violence and riots, assassinating those loyal to the United States, torturing and killing black people who asserted rights which black and white Union soldiers had secured in the Civil War.

Many years later, when the criminals were no longer in danger of punishment for these crimes, some "inside stories" of the post-Civil War KKK were published, glorifying the Klan in order to re-create it in the twentieth century. A few years after a United States national monument had been erected in Albert Pike's honor, the leading pro-KKK historian, Walter L. Fleming, disclosed and praised the kingpin role that Pike had played in the Klan's terror spree against U.S. law.[5] (An academic darling of the eastern Anglophile elite, Fleming was considered the pre-eminent historian of Southern Reconstruction.)

Pike was the KKK's "chief judicial officer," Fleming wrote; Pike thus ruled officially over the Klan's internal disciplinary or counterintelligence department. In the KKK birth-state of Tennessee, Pike was the president of the Bar Association and publisher of the main racist newspaper.

But it was as "Sovereign Grand Commander" of the Scottish Rite, the recognized boss of the southern white freemasonic order, that Pike exercised the great clandestine power that welded the KKK together. Fleming cites Pike's masonic colleagues and Klan co-founders as the main sources for his KKK history. Pike's successor as Scottish Rite masonic Grand Commander, Congressman James Richardson, introduced the 1898 House resolution authorizing the Pike statue; Richardson had been Speaker of the Tennessee House of Representatives in the heyday of the Ku Klux Klan power in that state.

In defense of the Klan insurrection, Fleming writes that "the ex-Confederates . . . naturally [formed] secret associations . . . for self-defense." Fleming then furnishes European precedents for Pike's KKK: "the Carbonari of Italy, the Tugendbund and the Vehmgericht of Germany, the Klephts of Greece, Young Italy, the Nihilists of Russia, the Masonic order in most Catholic countries during the first half of the Nineteenth Century, Beati Paoli of Sicily, the Illuminati, etc." Such groups are "textbook cases" of the British colonial and secret service tradition of manipulating "indigenous" people.

A Massachusetts tory, Pike went south to incite whites against the Union; he helped lead the Knights of the Golden Circle, which made armed, filibuster attacks against Mexico and Cuba, and organized the Southern secession. As a Confederate general during the Civil War, Pike was in charge of enticing American Indians to war on the United States; his atrocities and war crimes led to his arrest by the embarrassed Confederates, and an 1865 indictment by the United States for treason. Pike fled to Canada, remaining there under the protection of his British Empire sponsors until the heat was off.[6]

When Pike returned to the South, the old Knights of the Golden Circle logo was transmuted into the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan--the title taken from the Greek kuklos, or circle. Pike's Arkansas indictment for war crimes against American soldiers was swept aside by the power of Pike's own clandestine terrorist movement over the Southern justice system. Well known in European occult circles for his satanic writings, a sybarite of massive girth, Pike died in 1891.

A resumé of this quality, today, would surely qualify KKK founder Pike as a leader of contemporary movements such as the Chiapas "indigenous rebellion" against Mexico's nationhood.

The Pike statue and war with Spain



The giant statue of Christ overlooking the entrance to Havana harbor

No statue of Jesus in Washington D.C., but a large one of the founder of the terrorist, racist, and anti-catholic Knights of the Golden Circle, Ku Klux Klan, and Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, 'Illustrious' Albert Pike 33rd Degree - erected on public land and constructed at taxpayers expense.

The Masonic 'Seperation of Church and State'.

U.S. Rep. James Richardson, the masonic Grand Commander, introduced House Resolution 178 on March 10, 1898, to permit his Scottish Rite to erect on Federal property a huge memorial statue honoring Albert Pike, a mass murderer who had worked for several decades to overthrow America's laws and government. This outrageous initiative was timed to coincide with a racist war frenzy then being pushed by the faction promoting the Pike statue.

Twenty-three days earlier, on Feb. 15, 1898, the U.S. battleship Maine had been blown up in the harbor at Havana, Cuba, killing 260 men. This mysterious explosion has never been explained, but lurid headlines blamed the government of Spain, which still held Cuba as a colony.

At this time, the Boston tory/Wall Street banker/Southern Klan faction advocated Anglo-Saxon racial solidarity with imperial Britain, in line with Cecil Rhodes and the British Round Table's demand that America give up its silly Revolution. This Anglophile faction was co-sponsoring, with the British secret service, an anti-Spain insurgency in Cuba. Since the 1840s, the transatlantic anti-republic faction had procured wars and mercenary filibuster raids into Mexico, Central America, and Cuba, aimed at expanding the slave territory, and consolidating a Southern secession movement.

During the 1890s, these Anglophile traitors created and operated a new Cuban "revolutionary" movement, in the tradition of Pike's Knights of the Golden Circle. The nominal leader, José Martí, resided in New York City and was an activist in the insurrectionist networks of Lord Palmerston's masonic trained dog, Giuseppe Mazzini.

The sponsoring clique in the United States included:

Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge, descendant and political heir of the tory anti-Union intriguer George Cabot;

Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt. His beloved uncle and naval strategy adviser, James Dunwoody Bulloch, had been arrested as a masonic filibusterer in Havana harbor back in 1854. Bulloch advised nephew Teddy from London, where Bulloch was in exile for having arranged Britain's building of a pirate fleet of Confederate ships to attack U.S. commerce during the Civil War;

The Scottish Rite masons and kindred masonic and British secret service circuits.

This Anglophile clique demanded that their pet Cuban revolutionaries be supported by U.S. troops in expelling Spain from Cuba. The object was neither an independent Cuban nation, nor expansion of the United States to include Cubans as American citizens. Rather, the Caribbean was to be subject to the imperial power of the London-New York banking axis, and to be a permanent adventurers' staging ground for subversion against the entire Western Hemisphere.

American patriots had always fought against these schemes. Abraham Lincoln had opposed the 1846-48 U.S.-Mexican war, and, as President, had aligned the United States with Mexico against the British-French invasion of 1861. Lincoln's nationalist successors, such as James Garfield (President in 1881) and William McKinley (President 1897-1901) were allied with Ibero-American nationalists and economic protectionists, against British free trade and British-backed irregular warfare.

We now present the chronology of the Pike statue project, and related developments, in the context of the power struggle then taking place.

On Feb. 15, 1898, the battleship Maine blew up.

On Feb. 25, President McKinley's Navy Secretary, John D. Long, took the afternoon off--a fatal mistake. Senator Lodge came to the Navy Department, to work with Assistant Secretary Teddy Roosevelt, who was Acting Secretary for the remaining three or four hours of the day. Using Roosevelt's temporary authority, the pair put the U.S. Navy on a war footing, sending telegrams and cables to all ships at sea, to consuls, to Navy yards and factories. They ordered ammunition, called on Congress to authorize sailors' enlistment, and ordered the European, South Atlantic, and Pacific squadrons to prepare for battle positioning. The cable to clique-member Adm. George Dewey, ordering the redeployment of his Pacific Ocean battle fleet to prevent Spain's ships from leaving the Asian coast to defend the Spanish-owned Philippine Islands, was the final act, making war with Spain a virtual certainty.[7]

On March 10, 1898, while the country was gripped by "Anglo-Saxon" war fever, the Pike statue resolution was introduced in the House of Representatives. It was subsequently introduced in the Senate by Henry Moore Teller of Colorado, a member of the Supreme Council of Pike's Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Southern Jursidiction.

On March 31, 1898, Teddy Roosevelt wrote to British strategist James Bryce, exulting in his actions to reunify America with the British Empire:

"It will give me great pleasure to meet Mr. [George Macaulay] Trevelyan [British Mazziniite historian], not only because he is a friend of yours, but because of my admiration for his father [Sir George Otto Trevelyan, former British admiralty secretary]; and I shall like much to meet the Webbs [Fabian socialist leaders Sidney and Beatrice Webb] also.

"I have had a very busy time, but anxious only in the sense that I fear this nation will not do its duty. . . . We should drive Spain from the Western World. . . . I cordially sympathize with England's attitude in China, and I am glad to say that there seems to be a gradual coming together of the two peoples [Britain and America]. They certainly ought to come together."

On April 4, 1898, the Pike statue was authorized by the House, and on April 5, by the Senate.

On April 11, 1898, President McKinley, who was resisting the intriguers' pressure to make war, asked Congress for authority to intervene in Cuba to establish peace between the government and the rebels. "It involves . . . hostile constraint upon both parties to the contest, as well to enforce a truce as to guide the eventual settlement," said the President's message.

The Scottish Rite's Senator Teller was a longtime partisan for the Cuban insurrection. Teller now introduced an amendment smoothing away remaining Senate opposition to war--it declared that the United States "disclaim[ed] any . . . intention to exercise jurisdiction or control over said island except for the pacification thereof--and a determination when that is accomplished to leave the government and control of the island to the people thereof." The Teller Amendment secured Senate passage of the declaration of war, April 25, 1898.

Teddy Roosevelt went to his Cuban war as a volunteer officer, and his newspaper friends puffed up his exploits into heroism. He was made the Vice Presidential running mate in McKinley's re-election bid in 1900. They were inaugurated in March 1901; six months later, McKinley was shot, just as his nationalist predecessors Lincoln and Garfield had been.

McKinley died on Sept. 14, 1901, and Theodore Roosevelt assumed the Presidency. This was a huge victory for the British, in their bid to regain control over the United States. Its impact is still being felt in America today.

Teddy Roosevelt's takeover occurred just in time for completion of the Albert Pike memorial statue, dedicated on Oct. 24, 1901. Two days later, the Scottish Rite Supreme Council were received in a body by the bullet-installed President Roosevelt, an ardent fellow mason. They went from the White House to the grave of Albert Pike for a celebration.[8]

The real story of the FBI Teddy Roosevelt wearing a Masonic Apron

President Teddy Roosevelt set to work immediately to reverse Lincoln's nationalist policies; he created the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a coercive instrument for that purpose, as we shall document below.

Under Roosevelt, the nation was told that the western frontier was closed; that "conservation," rather than agro-industrial development, was the future. Government land was withdrawn from public use; steps were taken to overturn Lincoln's programs to create family farms, railroads, and mines. British-backed financier Edward H. Harriman illegally used vast land grants for speculation, with Roosevelt's blessing, then paid for Roosevelt's election in 1904. British-run financier J.P. Morgan seized control over the great industries--steel, electricity, railroads--that had been created by Lincoln's nationalists; Morgan's trusts were undisturbed by Teddy Roosevelt, despite his false "trust-buster" reputation. And, TR flouted U.S. laws calling for cooperation with Ibero-American nations, using Morgan's and Harriman's employees and agents for a proxy war that broke off the province of Panama from Colombia, to build a canal on terms pitting the United States against its southern neighbors.

Key to the creation of the FBI as a KKK police-state apparatus, was an operation to destroy Oregon's Sen. John H. Mitchell, an old Lincoln Republican, who led Congressional opposition to all Roosevelt's outrages, speaking out against the international banking syndicate running TR's policy.[9]

But Roosevelt got the U.S. Attorney in Oregon indicted, and his new special prosecutor, Francis J. Heney, aided by private detective William J. Burns and members of the Secret Service, were used to falsely prosecute Senator Mitchell and scores of Mitchell's political allies. A later government investigation disclosed the methods used to force witnesses to give false testimony and to pack juries with Mitchell's enemies in this politically motivated prosecution. These are among the reports to Roosevelt's agents on prospective jurors: "Convictor from the word go," "Socialist. Anti-Mitchell," "Would convict Christ," "He is apt to wish Mitchell hung."[10]

Mitchell was convicted of the "crime" of his law firm having accepted $1,700 fees in aiding citizens to press claims to public land. He was defamed in the press. Congress understood itself now subject to Roosvelt's detectives, who were "to spy into the private lives of members . . . and to collect information to be held as a political club."[11] Mitchell found himself without defenders. He was politically destroyed, and died before he could appeal.

With such opposition out of the way, the time was now ripe for the creation of a permanent national secret police. On Dec. 17, 1906, Teddy Roosevelt shifted his Navy Secretary, Charles J. Bonaparte, to become Attorney General. Bonaparte told Congress that the Department of Justice must be given "a force of permanent police . . . under its control."

On May 27, 1908, Congress reacted by prohibiting all Executive departments from using Secret Service agents as policemen. Then on July 26, 1908, Attorney General Bonaparte, on Teddy Roosevelt's instructions, ordered the creation of an investigative agency within the Department of Justice; this later became known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

At issue here was the fundamental question, shall men be ruled by an unelected oligarchy, or shall self-government order society, in conformance with the dignity of every human being as in the image of God?

Charles Bonaparte was the grandson of Napoleon Bonaparte's brother Jerome, King of Westphalia. Napoleon had dissolved his brother's marriage, and Charles's Baltimore grandmother had spent the rest of her life desperately asserting the claim that Charles's father was of royal blood. Charles inherited the family's royal jewels, and, before Roosevelt brought him into the government, he used to ride each day to his investment house behind a liveried Negro groom, carrying a solid silver lunchbox. His brother, Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, was an officer on the staff of Emperor Napoleon III, throughout the British-French invasion of Mexico and their joint support for the Confederate rebellion.

Charles was immersed in the society of Anglophiles and their London betters, in the belief that the American white rabble, immigrants, and Negroes had usurped control rightfully belonging to the aristocracy.

Teddy Roosevelt and Charles Bonaparte had united as activists in the Civil Service Reform League during the 1880s. Instigated by Lord James Bryce, this was the London-Boston-Wall Street-Confederate axis, promoting a "clean" permanent bureaucracy, chosen by the bankers and their news media, to administer government instead of the "corrupt" Constitutional system of elected officials and their appointed men. What Lord Bryce and his American followers most objected to were the urban political machines whose leaders fulfilled the needs of their voting constituents--Irish, German, and other immigrants who carried with them hostility to the British Empire and the demand for a better life; and freed blacks, who were still determined to avail themselves of Lincoln's reopening of the American Revolution.

Charles Bonaparte despised the spirit of the Constitution. He commented on due process of law: "Need anybody cry if an officer's revolver does now and then save our Courts the trouble of trying a burglar, and cut off his chance of `burgling' again when released or escaped from prison?"

On the subject of the hanging of Negroes by mobs, he said: "I believe that very few innocent men are lynched, and, of those who have not committed the past offense for which they suffer, a still smaller proportion are decent members of society. It is, of course, an evil that the law should be occasionally enforced by lawless means, but it is, in my opinion, a great evil that it should be habitually duped and evaded by means formally lawful."[12]

Albert Pike's day had indeed come. A permanent anti-Constitutional bureaucracy and spy system had been established. This arrangement was sustained by the financier oligarchy, as witness the editorials of the New York Times (a newspaper which J.P. Morgan had recently moved under the ownership of what became the Ochs-Sulzberger-Warburg family combination, that is, the present-day owners). Under the headline, "The Negro Question," the Times editorialized on May 1, 1899 on why lynching and the new laws ending blacks' right to vote were not so bad:

"[Foreigners are] shocked and amazed at the news of the outrages in Georgia [lynching Negroes]. . . . No language can be too severe for the condemnation of the inhuman spirit shown by the mob. . . . Nevertheless . . . it is not impossible to exaggerate the significance of the [commission] of these crimes. Much of what significance it has depends on comparison. If the awful cruelty is increasing, if it is excited by a greater variety of causes, or even if it is not decreasing, the meaning of it is [different] than it would be if it were . . . diminishing. It is not easy to make an accurate estimate of the probabilities in this direction, but we are inclined to think that they are in favor of improvement. Some of the latest cases reported have been of a more atrocious nature than ever before, but it is certain that they are occasioned by one particular offense or the belief in that offense. The general treatment of the negroes in the south has clearly improved. That they are deprived of the right of suffrage more completely than in the past is not to be defended, but that this is accomplished peacefully and not by violence is a gain." Other New York Times editorials called for ending black voting rights throughout the South; this was accomplished at that time through changes in state constitutions and the passage of "Jim Crow" laws.

When the Lincoln legacy led Congress in 1908 to try to stop the use of the Secret Service as spies, the Times editorialized: "It was the combination of `land sharks' . . . that persuaded . . . the House to pass . . . the Amendment which . . . undoes the deterrent and detective labors of the Secret Service. . . . The Representatives have, however unwittingly, become the tools of thieves. The Senators are duly warned."[13]

Teddy Roosevelt's U.S. Attorney in New York, Henry L. Stimson, chimed in with a letter to Charles Bonaparte, complaining that "I should feel as if the fighting power of my office were almost crippled by such a statute."[14] Stimson typified the power structure then being assembled in and out of government. A Morgan-Harriman lawyer and later cabinet member, he was the patriarch of the Harriman and Bush family Yale secret society, Skull and Bones--a sponsoring center for the British-U.S. "special relationship" and its associated white supremacy doctrines.

Pro-KKK historian Walter Fleming reminisced in 1903 on the supposed necessity for the Klan in the South at the end of the Civil War, for suppressing blacks and those whites who were loyal to the United States: "The very need for such an organization in the disordered conditions of the time caused the Dens to begin to exercise the duties of a police patrol for regulating the conduct of thieving and impudent negroes and similar `loyal' whites. . . ."[15]

Under President Teddy Roosevelt, a force similar to that post-Civil War KKK began to operate within the Federal government itself, though the Klan itself had died out. In 1915, President Woodrow Wilson launched the creation of a new Ku Klux Klan, by praising and showing in the White House the pro-Klan movie Birth of a Nation.[16] Spreading from South to North with the mass circulation of the film the President had endorsed, the new KKK would grow to many millions of members.

Meanwhile, also in 1915, the Southern Scottish Rite Masons dedicated their new House of the Temple in Washington, D.C. Having moved their headquarters from South Carolina to the nation's capital, they now celebrated their successful installation within the government they had fought to overthrow.

In later years, the body of Albert Pike would be interred inside one of the Temple's walls. A few feet away, they built a complete replication of the office and desk of their second most honored member, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.[17] So, today, visitors to the Temple may conveniently pay homage to the twin giants of Klan and Scottish Rite history, Pike and Hoover.[18]

J. Edgar Hoover's war against King

J. Edgar Hoover Given Hoover's link to the Pike tradition, it is no surprise to discover that, during the 1960s, Hoover's FBI ran a guerrilla war against Martin Luther King. FBI agents and paid traitors swarmed around King, assigned to find or manufacture dirt that could bring him down. With constant wiretapping, Hoover fed leaks, lies, and gossip to the news media. The FBI coordinated this onslaught with the Klan faction in Southern police departments, and the pro-Hoover, anti-black faction--the Anti-Defamation League--within the Jewish community.

Hoover attacked with three main allegations: financial irregularities, communism, and sexual misconduct. The financial angle was ineffective and failed. The communism smear revolved around associates of King who were said to be communists, while Hoover knew quite well that King was no communist. The FBI slander has been kept for retailing by King's opponents, who neither know nor particularly care what King stood for.

King wrote on the subject:

"In communism the individual ends up in subjection to the state. Man becomes hardly more, in communism, than a depersonalized cog in the turning wheel of the state. The popularity of communism, lay in the idealistic concern for social justice. With all its false assumptions and evil methods, communism grew as a protest against the hardships of the underprivileged. Communism in theory emphasized a classless society, and a concern for social justice, though the world knows from sad experience that in practice it created new classes and a new lexicon of injustice. . . . Communism and Christianity are fundamentally incompatible. A true Christian cannot be a true communist, for the two philosophies are antithetical and all the dialectics of the logicians cannot reconcile them. . . ."[19]

Hoover fanatically pursued details of King's sex life. Government officials who knew about this considered Hoover to be pornographically obsessed. As posthumous revelations about "Gay Edgar" showed, their estimations were conservative. This vendetta climaxed in the production of an audiotape, which was mailed to King's home, combining presumed "buggings" with the suggestion that King should commit suicide.

King's 1968 murder was followed by a relentless FBI cover-up. James Earl Ray was intimidated into making a guilty plea, on the threat of a certain death penalty were he to demand the right to a trial. He immediately protested the set-up, but was not allowed to change his false plea. Martin Luther King's family is pressing Ray's case, to overturn the cover-up. But as of this writing, the imprisoned Ray is dying of liver failure, while the Justice Department attempts to stop a trial from finally taking place before Ray dies.

One of J. Edgar Hoover's claims against King, was that Black Power demagogues were taking over King's movement. In fact, the opposition to King was backed by the FBI itself, and by high-ranking members of the Anglophile establishment. The FBI-backed opposition came in all shapes and colors. Consider the provocateur's substitution of "We shall overrun" for King's slogan, "We shall overcome"; and the police agent's lyrics:

Jingle Bells, shotgun shells,
Freedom all the way,
Oh what fun it is to blast
A trooper man away.

H. Rap Brown declared in 1967: "The white man is your enemy. You got to destroy your enemy. . . . I say you better get a gun. Violence is necessary--it is as American as cherry pie."

King denounced such agentry:

"I have often talked . . . with the proponents of Black Power who argue passionately about the validity of violence and riots. . . . Their bible is Frantz Fanon's The Wretched of the Earth. . . . In violent warfare one must be prepared to face the fact that there will be casualties by the thousands. Anyone leading a violent rebellion must be willing to make an honest assessment regarding the possible casualties to a minority population confronting a well-armed, wealthy majority with a fanatical right wing that would delight in exterminating thousands of black men, women and children."[20]

The role of the Nashville Agrarians

Atlantis The reader may be surprised, at our assertion that black nationalists were deployed against Martin Luther King and his movement, by the same historical faction that erected the statue to KKK founder Albert Pike. But that is the core of the British method of strategic manipulation against the nation-state. (In fact, it goes back to the "divide and rule" tactic of the Roman Empire.) In America, we can see the traces of this manipulation, in the fact that the Klan, in its early years, had "some few Negro members"!

Researcher Stanley Ezrol has written, in an unpublished report: "One of the claims made by the KKK and their apologists, is that they had no quarrel with negroes who stuck to their own kind and stayed in their place, but that they had to defend against the scalawags, carpetbaggers, and the negroes whom they incited. A frequent claim is that negroes of the better type even joined the Klan." Historian Walter Fleming boasted: "There were some few negro members, I have been told."[21]

Using Vanderbilt, Rockefeller and Peabody (J.P. Morgan) money, Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, hired Fleming as historian in 1917 and made him dean in 1923. Under Fleming's tutelage, a political-literary movement called The Fugitives grew up at Vanderbilt. The new movement aimed to revive the Confederacy and the Old South, but its financier sponsors applied these degraded precepts to the more general object of shaping a managed leftism.

The Fugitives became known as the Nashville Agrarians, after they published a 1930 manifesto in a book of essays called I'll Take My Stand, dedicated to Professor Fleming and committed to "support a Southern way of life against . . . the American or prevailing way . . . Agrarian versus industrial. . . ."

Nashville Agrarian John Crowe Ransom, a Rhodes Scholar, whose great uncle James R. Crowe was Pike's masonic and KKK lieutenant and the chief source of Fleming's Klan history, wrote in an accompanying essay why he backed the British establishment's aims as regards America:

"England was actually the model employed by the South. . . . England differs from America . . . most notably in the fact that England did her pioneering an indefinite number of centuries ago, did it well enough, and has been living pretty tranquilly on her establishment ever since. . . . Their descendants have had the good sense to consider that this establishment was good enough for them. They have elected to live . . . in accordance with the tradition which they inherited, and they have consequently enjoyed a leisure, a security, and an intellectual freedom that were never the portion of pioneers. . . . Progress never defines its ultimate objective, but thrusts its victims at once into an infinite series. Our vast industrial machine . . . is like a Prussianized state which is organized strictly for war and can never consent to peace. . . .

"Industrialism is an insidious spirit, full of false promises and generally fatal to establishments. The attitude that needs artificial respiration is the attitude of resistance on the part of the natives to the salesmen of industrialism. It will be fiercest and most effective if industrialism is represented to the Southern people as . . . a foreign invasion of Southern soil."[22]

With this KKK philosophy, Nashville Agrarians fanned out into the New York, Paris, and other centers of leftist and bohemian culture, and into American universities, North and South.

One of Ransom's collaborators, William Yandell Elliott, was a Harvard-based kingpin in the British takeover of the American foreign policy establishment. Among his protégés were students Henry Kissinger and McGeorge Bundy; with Elliott, they promoted the view that a world government which prevents industrial progress is needed to avoid nuclear annihilation. McGeorge Bundy went on to head the Ford Foundation, a longtime funder of Vanderbilt and the Agrarians, and poured its money into support of anarchists such as Mark Rudd's Weathermen, Green eco-terrorists, and black cultural nationalist agents, complete with dashikis. Klan robes, after all, would not be appropriate native costumes.

Such "Third Worldists," serving as FBI-managed stooges, have nothing in common with the pro-technology policy of developing-sector nationalists, who are in accord with the American Revolution and the Lincoln tradition.

--------------------------------------

[1] Martin Luther King, speech at the National Press Club, Washington, D.C., July 19, 1962. In James Melvin Washington, ed., A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1986), p. 100.

[2] Martin Luther King, 1968 speech, tape recording played Feb. 10, 1998 on WGBH Boston's "Frontline" program, entitled "The Two Nations of Black America," show 1609; transcript available on Internet at: www.wgbh.org

[3] Martin Luther King, Jr., The Trumpet of Conscience (New York: Harper & Row, 1967), p. 12.

[4] "Lord Palmerston's Multicultural Human Zoo," EIR, April 15, 1994.

[5] Ku Klux Klan: Its Origin, Growth and Disbandment, written and edited by Walter L. Fleming, incorporating earlier material by J.C. Lester and D.L. Wilson (New York and Washington: Neale Publishing Company, 1905).

[6] While Pike was thus exiled, President Andrew Johnson declared, "It appears from evidence in the Bureau of Military Justice that the . . . murder of . . . Abraham Lincoln . . . [was] incited, concerted, and procured . . . between . . . Richmond, Va., and . . . rebels and traitors against the government of the United States harbored in Canada."--Proclamation, May 2, 1865, Messages and Papers of the Presidents (Washington: Bureau of National Literature, 1897), Vol. VIII, p. 3,505. In the trial convened on May 9, 1865, the U.S. convicted seven persons of this international conspiracy to murder Lincoln; four were hanged.

[7] A somewhat candid account of these actions is in Alden Hatch, The Lodges of Massachusetts (New York: Hawthorn Books, 1973), pp. 50-51. Naval Secretary Long also wrote at the time, "I find that Roosevelt, in his precipitate way, has come very near causing more of an explosion than happened to the Maine.. . . Having authority for that time of Acting Secretary, he immediately began to launch peremptory orders; distributing ships, ordering ammunition, which there is no means to move, to places where there is no means to store it. . . . He has gone at things like a bull in a china shop." Quoted in Henry F. Pringle, Theodore Roosevelt, A Biography (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1931), p. 178.

[8] James D. Carter, History of the Supreme Council, 33°, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry Southern Jursidiction, U.S.A., 1891-1921 (Washington: Scottish Rite Supreme Council, 1971), pp. 152-157.

[9] Congressional Record, June 7, 1902, p. 6,441 ff. See also Anton Chaitkin, Treason in America (New York: New Benjamin Franklin Publishing House, 1985), Chapter 18, "How Environmentalism Killed the American Frontier," pp. 513-517.

[10] Report by President William H. Taft's Attorney General, George W. Wickersham, 1911, cited in Don Whitehead, The FBI Story (New York: Random House, 1956), pp. 18-19.

[11] Ibid., p. 19.

[12] Bonaparte was nicknamed "Soup-house Charlie" because of his comments, echoing Britain's Thomas Malthus, condemning public education: "There is absolutely no difference in principle between a public souphouse and a public free school." Quotes are from David Stacton, The Bonapartes (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1966), p. 358. Most Bonaparte material has been furnished by researcher Judy Hodgkiss.

[13] The FBI Story, op. cit., p. 20.

[14] Ibid., pp. 20-21.

[15] Journal of the Southern History Association, September 1903, p. 328.

[16] The family of the pathetically pro-British Woodrow Wilson had helped organize the Klan takeover of South Carolina years before, and Wilson had been vice president of the Southern History Association that printed the 1903 article by Fleming.

[17] The Scottish Rite's Hoover was also an activist organizer of the KKK's college affiliate fraternity, Kappa Alpha Society.

[18] The Temple, at 1733 16th Street NW, Washington, D.C., is open for tours Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. through 2 p.m.

[19] Martin Luther King, Jr., The Strength to Love (New York: Harper & Row, 1963), p. 93.

[20] Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community, selections in A Testament of Hope, op. cit., pp. 589-590.

[21] Ku Klux Klan: Its Origin, Growth and Disbandment, op. cit., p. 26.

[22] I'll Take my Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition, by Twelve Southerners, Biographical Essays by Virginia Rock (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983; first published in 1930 by Harper & Brothers), pp. 3-23.


See Also

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The Ku Klux Klans Masonic Origins

Proof that Freemasonry is lying about Albert Pike 33° and the Ku Klux Klan

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Freemasonry and the 20th Century Occult Revival

Nietzsche's Path to Insanity

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Nazism and The New Age, Hitler and the Occult

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Freemasonry and the Eugenics Movement

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Travel to the F.ˇ.W.ˇ. Middle Chamber






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