History of the Masons
The George Washington
National Memorial Association
American and South American independence leaders. The role of Freemason lodges
Grades 10, 11
Leaders of Latin
At the end of the
unit the students will be able to:
1. Understand some ideas shared by the
great heroes in North America and South America.
2. Define Freemasonry and
3. Define the purpose and role of important lodges such
as the Alexandria Lodge in the U.S. and the Lautaro Lodge in Argentina.
Understand the role and power of the Grand Master and relate it to the historic
meeting between Don Jose de San Martin and Don Simon Bolivar, the two great
heroes, where Bolivar asserted his power as a Grand Master over San Martin and
asked him to retire to Argentina. Thus, changing the course of history.
Recognize Masonic symbols in the Seal of the United States and Washington D.C.
a. The pyramid with the eye of Osiris at the top of the U.S.
b. The eagle.
c. The obelisk.
d. Mason tools (silver
trowel used by George Washington to lay the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol).
e.The written word. Either sacred books such as the Bible, Koran, Torah,or
books of learning and science.
6. Compare language used in the Declaration of
Independence to language used in similar documents in Latin America.
the historical roots of Masonic ideas from Ancient Egypt, Persia, Jerusalem, the
Middle Ages to contemporary times.
8. Identify prominent Masons in the United
States, including U.S. Presidents, and Masons in Latin
We discuss the
importance of ideas leading to revolutionary action. The ideas behind the French
Revolution, American Revolution, and Latin American Revolutions. We brainstorm
to find commonalities, list leaders in the revolutionary movements, and what
they had in common. Most students at this point are unable to identify heroes as
members of a particular fraternity or society. We bring out symbols and look at
a dollar bill with the seal of the U.S. Students begin noticing the connection
to Egypt. The name Freemasonry appears and students are assigned to bring
information about the society and its members. Also, excerpts from the
declaration of independence of Peru and Venezuela are read to compare them to
the U.S. Declaration of Independence. Students are assigned to write short
biographies of Latin American leaders and their Masonic connections. We discuss
the importance of the historic dialog between Don Jose de San Martin and Simon
Divide into groups of 10-12 with a
group leader and assistant. Follow directions given by the tour leader(s). Each
group will ask questions, listen to the narrative, complete the worksheets, and
take pictures for later use.
1. Students will write essays about the field trip.
will complete the worksheets.
3. Pictures and essays will be