By, Scott Lively and Kevin Abrams
Occultism has its basis in a religious way of thinking, the roots of which stretch back into antiquity....Its principal ingredients have been identified as Gnosticism, the Hermetic treatises on alchemy and magic [rooted in Gnosticism], Neo-Platonism, and the Cabbala....Gnosticism properly refers to the beliefs of certain heretical sects among the early Christians that claimed to possess gnosis, or special esoteric knowledge of spiritual matters....The Gnostic sects disappeared in the fourth century, but their ideas inspired the dualistic Manichaean religion of the second century (Goodrick-Clarke:17)
occultism is associated primarily with Gnosticism the association of the
Gnostics with homosexuality is of primary relevance to this study. Thus,
we found an obscure reference to Hitler as a Manichaean in Steven Katz’s
The Holocaust in Historical Context,
Volume 1, of interest. Arthur Evans’ Witchcraft and the Gay
Counterculture provides some illumination here. Mani, for whom
Manichaeism is named, was a third century Prince of Babylon who devised
his own form of Gnosticism. Gnostics blended pagan sex rituals and
Mother Goddess worship with elements of New Testament Christianity and
“rejected Jehovah God as an evil demon.” Manichaeism imposed on Gnosticism a caste
system of leaders (elect) and followers (hearers). A Manichaean sect
called the Bogomils (later called the Cathars) arose in Bulgaria and
spread across Europe. Homosexuality became so closely associated
with these Bulgarian heretics that the practice became known as “buggery.”
Indeed, “the word for Cathar in most European languages came to be
the word for homosexual: in German, Ketzer, in Italian,
Gazarro, and in French, Herite....Heresy and homosexuality
became so interchangable that those accused of heresy attemped to prove
their innocence by claiming heterosexuality” (Evans:51ff).
Many aspects of shamanism had homosexual content, and many of the gods, spirits, and divinities of the world have been associated with Gayness. In Tahiti there were special divinities for homosexual worship. The ancient Shinto temples of Japan display scenes of sexual ritual orgies similar to those of the Baccanalia of the Romans...the Great Mother Goddess of ancient China, Kwan-Yin, was worshipped with sexual rites that included homosexuality. When the Spanish conquistadores reached Central America and the Yucatan, they found a prevalence of Gay priests and sacred statues and stone sculpture depicting the homosexual union as a sacred act. In the Yucatan the god Chin is said to have established sacred homosexuality and a Gay priesthood serving in the temples just as was true of the temples of ancient Babylon and Sumeria (Grahn:129).
Christian writer George Grant concurs. He writes that “Rome was a perpetual satyricon. Egypt, Persia, Carthage, Babylon, and Assyria were all steeped in pederastic tradition. And the ancient empires of the Mongols, Tartars, Huns, Teutons, Celts, Incas, Aztecs, Mayans, Nubians, Mings, Canaanites, and Zulus likewise celebrated depravity, degradation and debauchery” (Grant, 1993:24). In Sexuality and Homosexuality, historian Arno Karlen writes of homosexual cults throughout the ancient world: “‘male temple prostitutes’—existed among the devotees of Ishtar and Astarte in Syria, the Albanians and Babylonians, the Canaanite neighbors of the ancient Hebrews, and in Cos, Crete and Ephesus in the Greek world” (Karlen:6).
The ancient religion of Baal, familiar to students
of the Bible as the set of beliefs and practices which
so often corrupted Hebrew society in history, was one such cult.
Worshippers of Baal “‘built for themselves high places and pillars,
and Asherim (phallic poles used to honor the goddess of fertility) on
every high hill and under every green tree; and there were also male cult
prostitutes in the land’” (quotation from 1
Kings 14 in Karlen:9). Reference to these practices is found in several
places in the Bible, notably Deuteronomy
23:17-18: “There shall be no ritual harlot of the daughters of Israel, or
a perverted one of the sons of Israel. You shall not bring the wages of a
harlot or the price of a dog [male prostitute] to the house of the LORD your God
for any vowed offering, for both of these are an abomination to the LORD
your God” (NKJ).
It was in association with such cults that emperors’ deviance became most flagrant. Commodus, who took the throne in 180, appeared in public dressed as a woman and was strangled by a catamitic [homosexual] favorite; Hadrian deified his homosexual lover Antious. But neither matched Elegabalus, who began his rule at the age of fourteen in 218, after having been raised in Syria as a priest of Baal. He entered Rome amid Syrian priests and eunuchs, dressed in silks, his cheeks painted scarlet and his eyes made up. Various Roman historians say that he assembled the homosexuals of Rome and addressed them garbed as a boy prostitute; put on a wig and solicited at the door of a brothel; tried to get doctors to turn him into a woman; offered himself for buggery while playing the role of Venus in a court mime; kissed his male favorites’ genitals in public and, like Nero, formally married one of them...Elegabalus erected in Rome the great phallic asherim which the Hebrew kings had kept trying to purge from their land (Karlen:62).
relevant to point out that this time period in the Roman empire can be
considered the Christians’ Holocaust. In 64 A.D. Christians were
blamed by Nero for the burning of Rome and
were targeted for extermination. Many Christians suffered
unimaginable tortures as entertainment for the sadistic homosexual
emperors of Rome. Though Rome was less
homosexually-oriented than Greece, Roman society was nevertheless heavily
influenced by homosexual practices. In Homosexuality, the Torah and
Grace, Dwight Pryor reports that 14 of the first 15 Roman emperors
were homosexual (tape one). In The Construction of Homosexuality,
historian David F. Greenberg writes that “Roman homosexual tastes were so
taken for granted that when Antony asked Herod to send his younger
brother-in-law Aristobulus to the Roman court, Herod refused because ‘he
did not think it safe to send him...to the principal man of the Romans,
and that would abuse him in his amours’” (Greenberg:154f). While there are
many differences between the treatment of Christians in Pagan Rome and
Jews in Nazi Germany, the prominence of homosexuality among the chief
perpetrators of both atrocities cannot be ignored.
In many societies, male homosexual relations are structured by age or generation: the older partner takes a role defined as active or masculine; the younger, a role defined as passive or female...[In many cases] The homosexual practices are justified by the belief that a boy will not mature [without these attentions] (Greenberg:26ff).
modern societies are profiled in The Sambia, by anthropologist
Gilbert Herdt who studied homosexuality in primitive cultures. He writes
that “ritual homosexuality has been reported by anthropologists in
scattered areas around the world [revealing a]...pervasive link between
ritual homosexuality and the warrior ethos....We find these similar forms
of warrior homosexuality in such diverse places as New Guinea, the Amazon,
Ancient Greece, and historical Japan” (Herdt:203). The process of a
boy’s homosexual initiation in these societies is horrific: he is deprived
of sleep, starved, beaten and raped over several days until he is
completely “resocialized” as a homosexual (ibid:179f).
Ironically, the Biblical event which marks the beginning of homosexual practices in the post-flood world is the same one that is misinterpreted by pseudo-Christian white supremacists to justify their racial theories. Christian researcher Dwight Pryor gives the following interpretation (which we have summarized) of a familiar Biblical passage. In Genesis 9, Noah fell unconsious from drinking too much wine and while he was thus incapacitated Ham “saw [or uncovered] his nakedness.” This term, used primarily in the book of Leviticus, is a Hebraic euphemism for sexual intercourse. “And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done to him.” As a result of his sexual attack on his father, Ham is cursed by Noah. (In Call of the Torah Rabbi Elie Munk cites Hebrew scholars who also interprets Ham’s violation as “an act of pederasty”) - (Munk:220). Thus Ham becomes Canaan, for whom the land of Canaan is named. Some generations later the Canaanite cities of Sodom and Gomorrah would be detroyed by God because of homosexuality. White supremacists refer to Ham as the father of the colored races which they call “mud people.” But it is homosexual perversion, not skin color, which is associated with the curse of Canaan.
Madame Blavatsky and the Theosphical Society
examination of the homo-occultic influences on the Nazis must begin with
the Russian-born mystic Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-1891), founder of
the Theosophical Society and a figure who
looms large behind some of the defining actions and beliefs of the Nazi
Party. Blavatsky was probably a lesbian, but perhaps only a “latent”
one. She is described as a very “masculine” woman who dominated her
many followers, both male and female (Cavendish:250). She was
married twice and maintained a long association with Theosophical Society
co-founder Henry Olcott, but these
were relationships of convenience. Blavatsky insisted she had never
had sex with either husband (Meade:137) and wrote, “There is nothing of
the woman in me. When I was young, if a young man had dared to speak
to me of love, I would have shot him like a dog who bit me”
Mrs. Besant’s extraordinary transformations from Anglican minister’s wife through birth-control propagandist and labor leader to Theosophist ...are...well known...Arthur Nethercot, her biographer, suggests an element of the lesbian in the rapid domination of Mrs. Besant by H. P. Blavatsky (Webb:94).
addressed Annie in suspiciously fulsome and endearing terms,” writes
Nethercot, “‘Dearest,’ ‘My Dearest,’ ‘Dearly Beloved One,’ and signing
herself ‘Very adoring.’” Nethercot also reports that “she dispatched
missives to Annie...and addressed them to ‘My Darling Penelope’ from
‘Your...female Ulysses’” (Nethercot:306).
Guido von List and the Armanen Order
List (1848-1919) was the first to combine German nationalism with the
occult teachings of Theosophy. A bitter critic of
Christianity, especially Catholicism, List
had converted to Wotanism (worship of Wotan,
the ancient German god of storms) as a young teenager. Years later List
“became a cult figure on the eastern edge of the German world. He
was regarded by his readers and followers as a bearded old patriarch and a
mystical nationalist guru whose clairvoyant gaze had lifted the glorious
Aryan and German past of Austria into full
view from beneath the debris of foreign influences and Christian culture”
List’s blueprint for a new pan-German empire [based upon a revival of the Armanenschaft] was detailed and unambiguous. It called for the ruthless subjection of non-Aryans to Aryan masters in a highly structured hierarchical state. The qualifications of candidates [for positions in the new social order]...rested solely on their racial purity...But List went further still, anticipating the mystical elitism of the SS in Nazi Germany...List’s ideal was a male order with an occult chapter (Goodrick-Clarke:64f).
is List’s design strikingly similar to the later plans of Heinrich Himmler for the SS-controlled state, but it is
also reminiscent of the Brand/Friedlander philosophy of militaristic male
Jorg Lanz von Liebenfels and Ariosophy
occultist can be said to have had more influence on Hitler and the Nazis
than List it would be Jorg Lanz von Liebenfels (1874-1954). Lanz was
a former Cistercian Monk who had been thrown out of the order “for carnal
and worldly desires” (Sklar:19). Since the Cistercian Order was a closed,
all-male monastery, it is assumed that Lanz's indiscretions were of a
homosexual nature. It was through Lanz that Hitler would learn that
many of his heroes of history were also “practicing homosexuals” (Waite,
1977:94f). After being expelled from the monastery, Lanz formed his
own occultic order called the Ordo Novi
Templi or the Order of the New Temple (ONT). The ONT was related
to the Ordo Templi Orientis or Order of the Temple of the East,
which, like List’s organization, practiced tantric sexual rituals
[Homosexuality’s] morbid history in the German blood dates from the time of the Teutonic Knights...Their personal lives were as infamous as the more widely publicized infamies of their brother Knights, the Templars. These latter became so corrupt that they raised the practice of their cardinal vice [homosexuality] into a religious cult...There were innumerable public trials where the most revolting details were brought to light (Igra:18).
have confirmed the prevalence of homosexuality among the Teutonic Knights.
Adolf Brand wrote in Der Eigene that “the Edda [Norse mythology]
extols it [homosexuality] as the highest virtue of the Teutons (Brand in Oosterhuis and Kennedy:236f).
Nazi leaders, especially Himmler, were
infatuated with the Teutons. Sklar writes that “Like List and Lanz, Himmler was obsessed with...the Order of
the Teutonic Knights” and that he “saw his Black Guards [the S.S.] as an
elite cadre of Teutonic warriors” (Sklar:14ff). Likewise, Hitler’s hero,
Great “revived the vices of the Teutonic Knights” in his army (Igra:19).
The German embryologist Haeckel and his Monist League told the world, and in particular, Germany, that the whole history of nations is explicable by means of natural selection: Hitler and his twisted theories turned this pseudo-science into politics, attempting to destroy whole races in the name of racial purity and the survival of the fittest...Hitler called his book Mein Kampf, “My Struggle,” echoing Haeckel’s translation of Darwin’s phrase “the struggle for survival” (Macintyre:28f).
Ariosophy would fuel the imaginations of the Nazi elite, despite (or perhaps because of) its lunatic qualities. “Lanz fulminated,” writes Goodrick-Clarke, “against the false Christian tradition of compassion for the weak and inferior and demanded that the nation deal ruthlessly with the underprivileged” (Goodrick-Clarke:97). Waite reports that Hitler was an avid fan of Ostara and developed his anti-Semitic philosophy with the help of racist pamphlets published and distributed by Lanz and Guido von List.
[Hitler, quoted from Mein Kampf] bought some anti-Semitic pamphlets for a few pennies. These pamphlets, which were so important to the formation of Hitler’s political thinking, were distributed by a virulently anti-Semitic society called the List-Gesellschaft. The tracts were written by two now-forgotten pamphleteers, Georg Lanz von Liebenfels (1872-1954) and Guido von List (c. 1865-1919). Of all the racist pamphlets available to Hitler during those years, only those written by Lanz and List set forth in explicit detail the ideas and theories that became unmistakably and characteristically Hitler’s own. Only they preached the racial theory of history which proclaimed the holiness and uniqueness of the one creative race of Aryans; only they called for the creation of a racially pure state which would battle to the death the inferior races which threatened it from without and within; and only they demanded the political domination of a racial elite led by a quasi-religious military leader. Hitler’s political ideas were later developed and reinforced in racist circles of Munich after the war in 1919-1923, but their genesis was in Vienna under the influence of Lanz and List (Waite, 1977:91).
Wilhelm Daim, an Austrian psychologist, published a study of Lanz entitled
Der Mann der Hitler die Ideen gab (“The Man Who Gave Hitler
His Ideas”). In the book, Daim recounts that Lanz had met Hitler in
Vienna when the latter was 20 years old. Hitler often visited occult
bookstores and he used his contacts in some of them to locate Lanz after
having trouble finding back issues of Ostara. While he was destitute in
Vienna, Hitler “hotly defended Liebenfels’ ideas against skeptics” writes
Snyder (Snyder:211). In 1932, twenty-three years after that fateful
meeting, Lanz wrote, “Hitler is one of our pupils...you will one day
experience that he, and through him we, will one day be victorious and
develop a movement that makes the world tremble” (Cavendish:1983).
This proclamation, however, did not sit well with der Fuehrer, and he had Lanz’s writings banned
in 1933 (Snyder:211).
The Thule Society
Some 354 enemies of the nationalists were killed over several years in the campaign of Vheme murders, the most prominent being Walther Rathenau, Foreign Minister of the German Republic during World War I. Ironically, many of the victims were killed for sexual and not political reasons. Waite writes,
often directed against former comrades of post-Free Corps organizations.
The very multiplicity of Bunds and secret societies led to competition,
quarreling and death....Competition and conflict was intensified by the
fact that many of the Freebooters were homosexuals and hence prone to
jealousy and “lover’s quarrels.” The Mayer-Hermann case will serve as an
In 1917, because of the association of the Germanen Order with political terrorism, its Bavarian chapter changed its name to the Thule Society “to spare it the attentions of socialist and pro-Republican elements” (ibid.:144). The Thule Society retained many of the bizarre occult theories originated by Blavatsky and “had close ties to Crowley’s organization” (Raschke:339). Historian Wulf Schwarzwaller writes,
Briefly, the creed of the Thule Society inner circle was as follows: Thule was a legendary island in the Far North, similar to Atlantis, supposedly the center of a lost, high level civilization. But not all secrets of that civilization had been completely wiped out. Those that remained were being guarded by ancient, highly intelligent beings...The truly initiated could establish contact with these beings...[who could] endow the initiated with supernatural strength and energy. With the help of these energies of Thule, the goal of the initiated was to create a new race of supermen of “Aryan” stock who would exterminate all “inferior” races (Schwarzwaller:66f).
of the Thule Society was a man named Rudolf
von Sebottendorf but its chief organizer was Walter Nauhaus, a former
member of the Wandervoegel movement
(Goodrick-Clarke:143). Members of the Thule Society who figure
prominently in the rise of Nazism included Hans Kahnert, Dietrich
Eckart and Rudolf Hess. In
1919 Kahnert founded Germany’s largest “gay
rights” organization, the Bund fuer Menschenrecht (“Society for Human Rights”) which counted SA
Chief Ernst Roehm among its members (J. Katz:632n94). Eckart,
meanwhile, was a founding member of the German Worker’s Party and became Adolf Hitler’s
mentor (Shirer:65). Like Hitler, Eckart was a subscriber to Ostara
(J. S. Jones:301n91).
In describing his initiation into politics at Munich in 1919, Hitler stressed the importance of a little pamphlet entitled “My Political Awakening” ...[written by] a sickly fanatic called Anton Drexler...Drexler was an adjunct member of the Thule Society, the most influential of the many racist anti-Semitic groups spawned in Munich during the immediate postwar period...By the time of the revolution of 1918, the society numbered some 1500 members in Bavaria and included many of Hitler’s later supporters. Hitler himself, it is reported “was often a guest of the Society”...The actual German Worker’s Party — which was to become the mighty Nazi movement...differed very little from the discussion groups and activities of the Thule Society or the other racist groups to which all the founders belonged. (Waite, 1977:115).
another prominent Nazi who was strongly influenced by the German occult
movement was Heinrich Himmler. Himmler
maintained a close relationship with a prominent occultist named Karl
Maria Wiligut, who became known as the “Rasputin of Himmler” (Goodrick-Clarke:177).
It is not clear if this designation is meant to imply that Wiligut
shared the infamous Russian’s penchant for sexual licentiousness.
Wiligut claimed to have a gift of clairvoyant “ancestral memory,”
certainly quite useful to the racial purists of the Nazi Party who were
concerned with proving their own Aryan heritage. Wiligut was
responsible for designing the Death’s Head ring worn by members of the
Resources: Chapter Two